Diagram of Dr. Ernest Patti's Flu Prevention Tips

Flu Season Has Already Started.

Usually peaking in January or February, flu season can continue into March or later. Now is the time to get vaccinated! Usually, it takes 1-2 weeks to fully develop protection after you get the flu shot. Everyone older than 6 months of age needs it, especially pregnant women.

Up to 20% of people in the U.S. may get the flu. Here’s how you can prevent getting it.

  1. Get a flu shot. It is the best way to prevent the flu.
  2. Wash your hands. Especially before and after meals, touching your face, coughing, and sneezing.
  3. Cover your coughs and sneezes. Cough into your elbow or use tissues.
  4. Take care of yourself. Get plenty of sleep, eat a healthy diet and exercise to keep your immune system strong.
  5. Pay attention when traveling. Try to limit or avoid exposure to those who are sick.

There are 5 different types of flu vaccines.

  • Intramuscular (standard shot) – for everyone
  • Intradermal (uses a small needle) – only for ages 18-64 yrs
  • Egg-Free (does not use chicken egg) – for people with allergies ages 18-49 yrs
  • High-Dose (quadrupled dosage which strengthens older immune systems) – only for ages 65 yrs and older
  • Nasal Mist (no needle) – only for healthy people ages 2-49 yrs, and NOT for pregnant women

Getting a flu shot is the #1 way of preventing the flu. Get yours today!

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Dr. Ernest Patti is a senior emergency medicine physician at SBH Health System and a professor at the new CUNY School of Medicine. He is frequently seen on Fox News.

Dr. Ernest Patti